BRF 2010 (Solved)

Free Consent
Section 13 defines consent as “Two or more persons are said to consent when they agree upon the same thing in the same sense.” Consent of the party’s means, the parties to a contract must mean the same thing in the same sense. It means ‘Consensus ad idem’. For e.g. A have 2 cars – Maruti 800 and Maruti Zen. A offers to sell the Maruti 800 while B accepts the offer thinking the car to be sold is Maruti Zen. Here there is no consent.
Free consent refers to consent which has been rendered by free will of the parties i.e. consent is voluntary. Section 10 of the Act, specifically states that a contract is valid and enforceable if it is made with the free consent of the parties.
Section 14 defines ‘Free Consent’ as – Consent is said to be free consent when it is not caused by –
                        (i) Coercion, as defined in Section 15, or
                        (ii) Undue influence, as defined in Section 16, or
                        (iii) Fraud as defined in Section 17, or
                        (iv) Misrepresentation as defined in Section 18, or
                        (v) Mistake, subject to the provisions of Sections 20, 21 and 22.

From the above definition, a consent of either party if obtained by any one of the above factors will result in flaw in the consent.