## Thursday, October 05, 2017

2013
(November)
PHILOSOPHY
(General)
Course: 501
[Logic (Indian and Western)]
Full Marks: 80
Pass Marks: 32
Time: 3 hours
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions

1. Find out the correct answer: 1x8=8
1. There are two/three kinds of inference (Anumana) on the basis of knowledge of Vyapti.
2. There are two/three/five propositions in Pararthanumana.
3. The distinction between traditional logic and modern logic is qualitative/quantitative.
4. According to modern classification of proposition, there are three/four/five kinds of propositions.
5. There are four/five/six valid moods in the third figure of Nyaya.
6. Stebbing classifies hypothesis into two/three categories on the basis of their purposes.
7. The method of agreement is a method of discovery/proof.
8. The method of difference/the method of concomitant variation is specially applicable in permanent causes.
2. Write short notes on (any four): 4x4=16
1. Hetvabhasa.
2. Distinction between truth and validity.
3. General proposition.
4. Figures of syllogism.
5. The method of residue.
3. What is Anumana according to Nyaya Philosophy? Explain different kinds of Anumana (inference).       4+8=12
Or
What is Vyapti? Explain with examples the different kinds of Vyapti. 4+8=12
4. Explain the distinction between traditional logic and modern logic. 12
Or
Explain the characteristics of symbolic logic.
5. Determine the truth-value of the following expressions by constructing truth tables: 4x3=12
1. 2. 3. Or
Define proposition from the perspective of modern logic. Explain simple proposition and its various kinds.         2+10=12
6. What is categorical syllogism? Explain illicit process involved in the violation of syllogistic rules.      3+7=10
Or
Explain Venn diagram technique of testing the validity of syllogistic arguments. 10
7. What is hypothesis? Explain the conditions of valid hypothesis. 3+7=10
Or

What is the problem of induction? How does J. S. Mill try to solve it? 3+7=10