## Sunday, December 30, 2018

2014
(November)
PHILOSOPHY
(General)
Course: 501
(Logic Indian and Western)
Full Marks: 80
Pass Marks: 32
Time: 3 hours
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions

1. Find out the correct answer: 1x8=8
1. According to Nyaya Philosophy, Hetvabhasas are of four/five kinds.
2. Vyapti is the invariable universal concomitance between the middle and the major/minor term.
3. Symbolic logic is inductive/deductive in nature.
4. In syllogism, figure is determined by the position of major/middle term.
5. According to modern classification, general propositions are of two/three kinds.
6. CESARE is the valid mood of the second/fourth figure.
7. The first step of hypothesis is observation/deduction.
8. The method of agreement is based on experiment/observation.
2. Write short notes on (any four): 4x4=16
1. Pararthanumana.
2. Relational proposition.
3. Uses of symbol.
4. Valid mood of the first figure.
5. Advantages of the method of difference.
3. What is Vyapti? Explain how Vyapti can be ascertained according to Nyaya Philosophy. 4+8=12
Or
What is Hetvabhasa? What are its different kinds? Explain ‘Asiddha Hetvabhasa’ with examples.                                2+2+8=12
4. What is Logic? Explain its nature. 3+8=11
Or
What do you mean by symbolic logic? How many kinds of characteristics are there according to C. I. Lewis? Explain.   2+3+6=11
5. What is truth-table method? Determine the truth-value of the following statements by constructing truth-table:
1. 2+3+3+3=11
2. 3. 6. How many terms are used in syllogism? Mention the general rules of categorical syllogism. 1+10=11
Or
Test the validity of the following arguments using Venn diagram technique: 5½+ 5 ½=11
1. EAE – In second figure.
2. AAA – In fourth figure.
7. How many steps are there is hypothesis? Explain different kinds of hypothesis according to Stebbing.  1+10=11
Or
Explain the method of difference with example. 11

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