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Monday, December 31, 2018

Dibrugarh University Arts Question Papers:PHILOSOPHY (Major) (Ethics: Western)' (May)-2014

Course: 402
(Ethics: Western)
Full Marks: 80
Pass Marks: 32
Time: 3 hours
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions

1. Find out the correct answer: 1x8=8
  1. Ethics is concerned with its subject matter as what they are/what they ought to be.
  2. Moral judgement is the cognitive element/volitional element of moral consciousness.
  3. According to Plato, wisdom/justice is the highest virtue.
  4. Moral statement is felling expressing according to emotivism/prescriptivism.
  5. The moral standard ‘greatest happiness of the greatest number’ is associated with egoism/altruism.
  6. The real object of moral judgement is motive/intention.
  7. ‘Categorical imperative’ is associated with Kant/Mill.
  8. “Tit for tat, eye for an eye’ should be the principle of punishment according to rigoristic retributive theory/mollified retributive theory.
2. Write short notes on any four of the following: 4x4=16
  1. Relation between ethics and psychology.
  2. Characteristics of moral sentiment.
  3. Four cardinal virtues of Plato.
  4. Metaethics.
  5. Immortality of the soul as one of the postulates of morality.
3. Answer the following questions:
  1. What is ethics? Explain its nature. 3+8=11
Explain the relation of ethics to religion by referring three views in this context. 11
  1. What are the different theories of moral obligation? Examine Kant’s view of moral obligation. 3+8=11
What are the different kinds of duty? Is there any conflict of duties from moral standpoint? Explain.
  1. What is the moral standard according to Hedonism? Explain and examine egoism as one of the forms of hedonism. 2+10=12
Explain deontological ethics of Kant. 12
  1. Explain metaethical theory of G. E. Moore with special reference to his concept of naturalistic fallacy. 11
Discuss the nature and scope of applied ethics. 5+6=11
  1. What do you mean by postulate of ethics? Explain reason and personality as fundamental postulates of morality. 3+4+4=11
What are the theories of punishment? Examine reformative theory of punishment. Does it support capital punishment? 3+6+2=11


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