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Tuesday, January 01, 2019

Dibrugarh University Arts Question Papers:PHILOSOPHY (Major) (Ethics: Western)' (May)-2015

Course: 402
(Ethics: Western)
Full Marks: 80
Pass Marks: 32
Time: 3 hours
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions

1. Find out the correct answer: 1x8=8
  1. Ethics is a science of ideal / actual.
  2. Moral obligation is the conative / affective element of moral consciousness.
  3. Egoism is an example of consequentialism/ deontological ethics.
  4. Freedom of will is the primary / secondary postulate of morality.
  5. Good denotes an ethical / a natural property according to Moore.
  6. Moral discourse is prescriptive / emotive according to Hare.
  7. Justice and benevolence are other regarding / self-regarding duties.
  8. “Act as a member of kingdom of ends.” Mill / Kant is associated with this maxim of morality.
2. Write short notes on any four of the following: 4x4=16
  1. Nature of ethics.
  2. Concept of ‘good’ and ‘right’.
  3. Virtue ethics of Aristotle.
  4. Professional ethics.
  5. Retributive theory of punishment.
3. Answer the following questions:
  1. Define ethics. Explain its scope. 2+10=12
Determine the relation of ethics to psychology and political science. 12
  1. What do you mean by moral consciousness? Explain the nature of its cognitive element (moral judgement). 4+7=11
What are the characteristics of moral sentiment? Describe its different kinds. 4+7=11
  1. What is Altruism? Critically examine Mill’s altruism. 3+8=11
Explain virtue ethics of Plato with special reference to his four cardinal virtues. 11
  1. What do you mean by Metaethics? Critically explain Stevenson’s metaethical theory. 3+8=11
Discuss the importance of environmental ethics in the present global warming situation. 11
  1. What are the two opposing theories regarding freedom of will? Critically evaluate any one of them.
Is punishment morally justified? “You are not punished for stealing sheep, but in order that sheep may not be stolen.” Name the theory of punishment associated with this view and critically evaluate it. 2+1+8=11


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