Saturday, January 25, 2020

AHSEC - Class 11 Question Papers: Logic and Philosophy' 2018


2018
LOGIC AND PHILOSOPHY
Full Marks: 100
Pass Marks: 30
Time: 3 hours
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions

1. Answer the following as directed:                                                                       1x12=12
a)         Which of the following statements is not correct?
1)      Knowledge by internal perception is immediate knowledge.
2)      Knowledge by testimony is mediate knowledge.
3)      Knowledge by inference is not mediate knowledge.
4)      Knowledge by external perception is not mediate knowledge.
b)         “Whatever is materially true, may not be formally true.” – Is it correct?
c)          Which of the following statements is correct?
1)      All terms are not words.
2)      All words are terms.
3)      Some words are not terms.

                  4)      No word is term.
d)         Is the copula a term in a logical proposition?
e)         Find out the correct answer: The quantitative / qualitative meaning of a term is its denotation.
f)          Which of the following propositions is an example of one-predicate general proposition?
1)      Lions exist.
2)      Some philosophers are not politicians.
3)      Nothing is permanent.
4)      No men are angels.
g)         “In inductive inference the conclusion necessarily follows from the premises.” – It is true?
h)         What is the position of the middle term in the second figure of a syllogism?
i)           State any one utility of using symbols in logic.
j)           How many simple propositions are there in the following compound proposition?
          “It is not true that Hari plays football but Jadu plays cricket.”
k)         Which of the following groups of philosophers is a group of rationalists?
1)      Descartes, Hume, Spinoza.
2)      Plato, Spinoza, Leibniz.
3)      Hume, Locke, Berkeley.
4)      Descartes, Spinoza, Locke.
l)           Who is the founder of Vaisesika Philosophy?
2. What is material truth? Give example.                                                               1+1=2
3. State any two points of difference between traditional logic and symbolic logic.                            2
4. Define negative proposition with suitable example.                                    1+1=2
5. What is meant by distribution of terms?                                                           2
6. Define subject less proposition with suitable example.                              1+1=2
7. State any two distinctions between sentence and proposition.                                                             2
8. State any two points of difference between deductive and inductive inference.                           2
9. Give the converse and obverse of proposition – “No men are gods.”       1+1=2
10. State any two general rules of pure categorical syllogism.                  2
11. State any two points of similarity between philosophy and science.              2
12. Analyze the etymological meaning of the word ‘Metaphysics’.        2
13. Define Purvavat Inference with suitable example.                                    1+1=2
14. Briefly explain the utility of logic.                                                                       4
15. Reduce any four of the following sentences into proper logical form:       1x4=4
a)         Almost all birds can fly.
b)         Every lion is carnivorous.
c)          All swans are not white.
d)         Lions never drink coffee.
e)         Learned are honoured everywhere.
16. Write a short note on four-fold classification of proposition.                                 4
17. What is Obversion? State any three rules of obversion.                          1+3=4
18. Reduce any one of the following syllogistic arguments into logical form and test its validity:                   4
a)         All men are not industrious, he is industrious. Therefore, he is not man.
b)         My arm touches the table. The table touches the floor. Therefore, my arm touches the floor.
19. What is symbolic logic? What are the three general characteristics of symbolic logic according to C.I. Lewis?   1+3=4
20. Write short note on any one of the following:                                             4
a)         Logical constants.
b)         Truth function.
21. Construct truth table for any one of the following propositional forms and determine whether it is tautology, contradictory or contingent:                                       4

22. Write a short note on the classification of Indian Philosophy.                 4
23. Briefly express any four points of difference between realism and idealism.        4
24. What do you mean by axiology? Briefly discuss its relation to philosophy.       2+4=6
Or
Explain briefly any three points of difference between philosophy and science.       2x3=6
25. Briefly discuss the nature of Indian Philosophy.                                                          6
Or
Briefly explain any three common characteristics of Indian Philosophy.          2x3=6
26. What is Rationalism? Briefly express four points of criticism against rationalism.     2+4=6
Or
What is Empiricism? Mention four characteristics of empiricism.                          2+4=6
27. What is Realism? Mention four characteristics of Realism.                                      2+4=6
Or
What is Idealism? Mention four characteristics of Idealism.                                    2+4=6

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