Friday, January 03, 2020

AHSEC - Class 11 Question Papers: Economics' 2019


2019
ECONOMICS
Full Marks: 100
Pass Marks: 30
Time: Three hours
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions
PART – A
1. Answer the following as directed:                                       1x6=6

a)      Give the meaning of statistics in plural sense.                                                     1
b)      What do you mean by Secondary data?                                                               1
c)       _____ method involves each and every items of the universe. (Fill in the blank)       1
d)      The diagram which represents the data in a circle is –                                        1
1)      Bar diagram
2)      Pie-diagram
3)      Multiple diagram
4)      Subdivided bar diagram.
e)      Name three most commonly used statistical averages.                       1
f)       There are _____ quartiles in a series. (Fill in the blank)                       1
2. Mention four limitations of statistics.                                                     2
3. Name any four methods of collecting primary data.                              2
4. What is the difference between random sampling and non-random sampling?          2
5. What is the difference between frequency polygon and frequency curve?                 2
6. Define weighted arithmetic mean.                                                           2
7. Name the two measures of dispersion.                                                     2
8. Mention specific characteristics of arithmetic mean.                               4
9. Draw an ogive from the following table:                                                  4
Income
0-10
10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50
No. of persons
5
15
25
3
2
Or
Represent the following information in Pie-diagram:
Items of expenditure
Labour
Bricks
Marble
Cement
Company
10,000
3,000
5,000
2,000
10. “Sampling is the best method of collecting primary data” – Justify this statement.      4
11. Calculate arithmetic mean from the following data:                                                   4
Class Interval
20-25
25-30
30-35
35-40
40-45
45-50
50-60
Frequency
10
12
8
20
11
4
5
12. Find out Karl Pearson’s co-efficient of correlation from the following data:                  4
X
50
54
56
58
59
60
61
62
65
75
Y
20
22
24
30
32
36
38
40
44
54
Or
Explain the significance of an index number.                       4
13. Define Standard deviation, Range, Quartile deviation, Lorenz curve, Mean deviation and Inter-quartile range.    1x6=6
Or
Calculate Mean deviation and its coefficient using arithmetic mean.                         3+3=6
Marks
20
30
40
50
60
70
No. of Students
8
12
20
10
6
4
14. Construct an Index number for 1999 taking as the base using simple average of price relative method.            6
Commodities
A
B
C
D
E
F
Price in 1985 (Rs.)
8
15
12
10
10
12.5
Price in 1999 (Rs.)
10
21
36
14
12
17
Or
Mention one merit and one demerit of medium. Calculate median from the following data:  1+1+4=6
PART – B
(INDIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT)
15. Answer the following:                                                                            1x6=6
a)      Railways were introduced in _____ in India.                                  1
b)      What do you mean by Modernization?                                          1
c)       Define Privatization.                                                                           1
d)      What is the full form of NABARD?                                                   1
e)      What is Human Capital?                                                                    1
f)       Mention any two causes of inflation.                                              1
16. Name two notable economists who estimated India’s per-capita income during the Colonial Period. 2
17. Mention two important problems of Indian Agriculture.               2
18. Point out two failures of economic reforms in India.                     2
19. Define absolute poverty and relative poverty.                                2
20. Mention the importance of human capital formation in India.       2
21. What do you mean by agricultural marketing?                                2
22. Mention four unemployment alleviation programme taken by Indian Government.       4
Or
What is Rural Credit? Why do farmers need rural credit?
23. Briefly mention the basic causes of poverty in India.                       4
Or
Briefly mention the causes of inflation.
24. What is Environment? What causes a stress on environment?     4
Or
Explain the types of infrastructure.
25. Make a comparison between India and Pakistan as regards national income, size of population, birth rate, literacy rate and sex ratio.                                               4
26. Explain the positive impacts of economic reforms.                   4
27. What do you mean by environmental degradation? Suggest some measures to solve the problems of environmental degradation.                        1+5=6
Or
Explain briefly the following:                                                      3+3=6
a)         Demand-pull inflation.
b)         Cost-push inflation.
28. What do you mean by organic farming? Make a comparison between traditional farming and organic farming.   2+4=6

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