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Friday, May 22, 2020

AHSEC - Class 12 Question Papers: Anthropology' 2018


2018
ANTHROPOLOGY
Full Marks: 100
Time: Three hours
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions.
1. (a) Choose the correct answer:                             1x5=5
1)      Human skeleton consists of 200/267/206 bones.
2)      The skull of Pithecanthropus erectus was discovered by Dr. Eugene Dubois/Robert Broom/Raymond Dart.
3)      The book, Primitive Culture/Origin of Man/Adam’s Ancestor was written by E. B. Tylor.
4)      Bronislaw Malinowski was a physical anthropologist/cultural anthropologist/prehistorian.
5)      Songs/Musical Instruments/Dances are the example of material culture.

(b) Answer the following questions:                       1x7=7
1)      Which species of the animal kingdom is studied in Anthropology?
2)      Who had coined the word ‘Anthropology’ for the first time?
3)      Which method is used to study the fossils?
4)      Name the only ape that is found in the forest of Assam.
5)      During which geographical period did human beings evolve?
6)      Who discovered the fossil skull of Australopithecus.
7)      Who had coined the word ‘Prehistory’ for the first time?
2. Mention major sub-divisions of Anthropology.                              2
3. Show the main sub-divisions of Physical Anthropology in a neat diagram.                         2
4. How many parietal bones can be seen in human cranium? Name the bones that are joined by the Sagittal suture.
5. Mention four important physical characters of the skull of Gorilla.                        2
6. How many parts of a tooth are there in human beings? Name them.                  2
7. Discuss important physical characters of skull of old men of Cro-Magnon.                         2
8. Name two places where the fossil remains of Neanderthal men were found.                                 2
9. What do you mean by the term prehistory? Discuss three important methods of studying prehistoric times.                1½ + 2½ = 4
10. Write down the names of glacial and interglacial periods. Mention three animals that lived during glacial period. 2+2=4
11. Make a comparison between simple and complex societies.                                6
12. Define E. B. Tylor’s definition of culture and mention three important characteristics of culture.          1+3=4
13. Describe briefly the main objectives of studying Anthropology.                          2
14. Write the definition of Anthropology by Herskovits.                                 2
15. What is meant by culture in Anthropology?                  2
16. Describe briefly the skull and the femur of Pithecanthropus.                                2+2=4
17. Discuss the main characteristics features of primate.                                6
18. “Environment influences directly in some aspects of culture.” Discuss.                            4
19. Write the difference between the following:                               2+2=4
a)         Society and Community.
b)         Human Society and Non-human Society.
20. To which part of the human skeleton the following bones belong?                    1x4=4
a)         Humerus.
b)         Mandible.
c)          Clavicle.
d)         Radius.
21. Give the classification of the pongidae. Write a brief note on any one of them.                           4
22. Write the differences between man and ape.                             6
23. Write short notes on any two of the following:                           2x2=4
a)         Anthropoidea.
b)         Platyrrhine monkey.
c)          Prototheria.
d)         Eutheria.
24. Mention the names of two eminent social anthropologists.                  2
25. What do you mean by the concept of culture?                            2
26. Write a short note on human society.                              2
27. What are the groups based on the kinship? Describe briefly.                                6

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