English 202 Solved Assignment 2021 - 22 | NIOS Secondary Solved Assignment (2021 - 22)

NIOS Solved Assignments (2021-22)
English 202 Solved Assignment 2021 - 22
Tutor Marked Assignment
Max: Marks 20


(i) All questions are compulsory. The Marks allotted for each question are given beside the questions.

(ii) Write your name, enrollment numbers, AI name and subject on the first page of the answer sheet.

english 202 solved assignment

1. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words. 2

(a) What was the squirrel doing and why did Lord Rama take the squirrel into his hands?

Ans: Squirrel was going up and down the seashore with little pebbles in his mouth. The little squirrel could carry only little pebbles at a time in his small mouth. He carried the pebbles from the seashore and dropped them into the sea.

The monkeys were angry and one of them picked up the squirrel by his tail and threw him far away.

The squirrel, crying out the name of Rama, fell into his hands.

The Rama held the squirrel close to him. He said to the monkeys, “Do not make fun of the weak and the small. Your strength or what you do is not important. What matters is your love? This little squirrel has love in his heart.”

(b) Mention the role of school children to reduce noise pollution. (See lesson 10)

Ans: Answer any one questions

2. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words. 2
(a) The little girl was left alone in the house with Alice the cook. That was alright in the day time, but while Alice was putting her to bed she grew suddenly afraid.

• Why was the little girl left all alone at home?

• What was the mental state of the girl at that time? 

Ans: One day Kezia’s mother became ill, and she and grandmother went to hospital. The little girl was left alone in the house with Alice the cook. That was all right in the daytime, but while Alice was putting her to bed she grew suddenly afraid.

The mental state of the girl at that time was - What’ll I do if I have a nightmare?” she asked. “I often have nightmares and then Grannie takes me into her bed- I can’t stay in the dark - It all gets ‘whispery’….”

(b) Feel at home! Come again

they say, and when I come

again and feel

at home, once, twice,

there will be no thricefor

then I find doors shut on me.

• Who says “Feel at home” and to whom?

• What was the reaction of speaker when the poet visited again? (See lesson 25)

Ans: Answer any one questions

3. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words. 2
(a) What was the financial condition of the Cattle – owning farmers and how was it improved by Dr. Kurien?

Ans: The people of Gujarat were mostly farmers. They reared cattle but remained poor. Despite their hard work, they always remained in want.

Dr. Verghese Kurien developed the Amul Dairy Unit into the largest co-operative dairy in India. As a result of Dr. Kurien’s relentless efforts, the poor milk producers were protected from being exploited. The farmers came to appreciate the spirit of co-operation in addition to acquiring marketing skills. He introduced various reforms in the administration of Amul Dairy. He proposed to distribute half of its profits to the milk producers as dividend. Dr. Kurien’s reforms improved the rural economy considerably. This proves the saying, “The woman who owns a buffalo celebrates Diwali every day.”

(b) Why did the squirrel go into the sea again and again? How did it justify its action? (See lesson 2)

Ans: Answer any one questions

4. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100-150 words. 4
(a) Floods are devastative and destructive. Many houses get tumble down in flood water. People face many troubles and are devoid of food and shelter. Give details of what you know about it & discuss the measures that should be taken during floods. (See lesson 24)

Ans: Answer any one questions

(b) Read the following information about APJ Abdul Kalam and write 150 – 200 words about him. (see lesson 15)

Born – 15 October 1931 in Tamil Nadu.

Died - 27 July 2015 (aged – 83) in Meghalaya

Nationality – India

Alma Mater – St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli, Madras Institute of Technology.

Profession – Aerospace Scientist, Author

Notable Works – Wings of fire, India 2020, Ignited Minds, Indomitable Spirit,

Career – Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)

Political Career – 11th President of India in 2002.

Ans: A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, in full Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul kalam, (born October 15, 1931, Rameswaram, India died July 27, 2015, Shillong), Indian scientist and politician who played a leading role in the development of India’s missile and nuclear weapons programs. He was president of India from 2002 to 2007. Kalam earned a degree in aeronautical engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology and in 1958 joined the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO).

He soon moved to the Indian Space Research organization, where he was project director of the SLV-III, India’s first indigenously designed and produced satellite launch vehicle. Rejoining DRDO in 1982, Kalam planned the program that produced a number of successful missiles, which helped earned him the nickname “ Missile Man,” From 1992 to 1997 Kalam was scientific adviser (1999-2001) to the government with the rank of cabinet minister. His prominent role in the country’s 1998 nuclear weapons tests established Kalam as a national hero, although the tests caused great concern in the international community.

In 1998 Kalam put forward a countrywide plan called Technology Vision 2020, which he described as a road map for transforming India from a less-developed to a developed society in 20 years. The plan called for, among other measures, increasing agricultural productivity, emphasizing technology as a vehicle for economic growth, and widening access to health care and education.   

APJ Abdul Kalam has a THIRD VISION. India must stand up to the world. Because he believes that unless India stands up to the world, no one will respect us. Only strength respects strength. We must be strong not only as a military power but also as an economic power. Both must go hand-in-hand. His good fortune was to have worked with three great minds. Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, of the Dept. of Space, Professor Satish Dhawan, who succeeded him and Dr. Brahm Prakash, father of nuclear material. He was lucky to have worked with all three of them closely and consider this the great opportunity of his life.

Kalam was in Hyderabad giving this lecture, when a 14 year-old girl asked him for his autograph. He asked her what her goal in life is. She replied that she want to live in a developed India. For her and you, he would have to build developed India. You must proclaim India is not an under-developed nation; it is a highly developed nation.

5. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100-150 words. 4

(a) You must have seen that Indian farmers commit suicide and live their lives under poverty line. They are doomed to live a life of obscurity. Make a list of problems and causes of those problems faced by the farmers. Discuss ways to eliminate their problems and what role should government play to support farmers. (See lesson 24)

Ans: Answer any one questions

(b) “There is enough in the nature for human need but not for human greed”. Discuss the statement taking ideas from the lesson “The Village Pharmacy “. Also discuss the importance of trees and the natural resources that we are blessed with to support our life. (See lesson 21)

Ans: The journey started after the creation of human being in this world. As man got matured he kept on inventing new things to get a better life and for a good living. His wants were not restricted, desires were boundary less and his doggedness of finding reason for everything made him an undefined creature. And that’s how an environment has been created in which we are living now. If we see this in a broader perspective, all this happened because of greed. It’s the man’s greed, which made him the richest man in the world, at the same time it’s his greed, which made the society unbalanced and unequal.  He is not bothered about the limitations of one’s actions and breaching the rules of nature for self-fulfillment. His desire of becoming bigger than others has changed the destiny of mankind.

Plant/trees play a very important role in our life. They fulfil our food, fodder fuel, timber, fibre and medicinal needs. Plants/trees are helpful in mitigation of environmental pollution. They are the source of oxygen and sink of carbon dioxide Trees such as Tamarind (Tamarindus indicus) Ashok (Polyalthialongifolia) and Neem (Azadirachta indica) are very useful in control of noise pollution. Plants/trees are also helpful in restoration of degraded lands. Furthermore, plants are useful in removal of heavy metals from the contaminated sites. Trees are helpful in the maintenance of ground water level.

6. Prepare any one project out of the given below: 6

(a) We hear and read about female foeticide in remote areas of our country which is an evil practice. In some areas, females are tortured for giving birth to a girl child. Take up a project and find out the causes behind this evil practice and the measures to uproot this wrongful practice from our society.

Ans: Female foeticide in remote areas of India

An estimated 50 million girls and women alive today have been subjected to female foeticide, female infanticide, or gendercide.

The practice of aborting female fetuses is largely considered a violation of the basic human rights of women and girls. It is a form of violence that has affected many communities in India and around the world. Female foeticide occurs when couples selectively abort females for two major reasons: to make sure sons are born; and because sex selection was believed to be more likely due to male children being seen as more valuable than daughters in Indian society. The practice continues despite a ban on sex-selective abortion, which was enacted by India's Supreme Court in 1994.

Reasons for female foeticide in remote areas of India

It’s not easy to pinpoint the causes of female foeticide, but there are a few factors that contribute to the issue such as:

1) Lack of awareness about reproductive rights and responsibilities

2) Cultural norms that discourage women from pursuing higher education and careers

3) Lack of education and opportunities for women in India

Measure to solve the problem of female foeticide in remote areas of India

Female foeticides are an issue that is prevalent in India, with the number of girls born decreasing every year. This is largely due to the preference for boys over girls. The government has taken steps to prevent this but many people still feel there isn't enough being done. There are many solutions to female foeticide, but here are some of the most common ones:

- Educate parents on gender differences and encourage them not to have so much anxiety about daughters

- Focus on female education and empowerment, giving girls opportunities for success

- Promote awareness about female genital mutilation and educate people on why it's not good for the health

What Should Government Do to Ease the Problems with Female Foetic?

Government should take coordinated, comprehensive steps to address the problems faced by female foeticide. This will make government more inclusive and reduce instances of discrimination.

A recent survey revealed that one-fourth of women in their twenties do not feel safe walking outside alone at night. They are very much afraid of being harassed or raped on the streets. The survey also revealed that about half of these women feel unsafe online as well. This makes it difficult for them to pursue their career goals and be productive members of society.

The government should take measures to protect these young women and create a safe environment for them so they can develop skills, explore career options, and thrive in life without fear of harassment or assault.

Beti bachao beti padhao Initiative

Beti bachao beti padhao is an initiative that aims to reduce female foeticide in remote areas of India. It focuses on empowering the girl child by educating her and helping her get an education.

Beti bachao beti padhao has not only seen success in the number of girls who are born, but also in the number of girls enrolled in school. The program has saved 4 million girls from being abandoned or killed since 2005, according to a 2016 UN report.

The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao program is one of the most successful initiatives tackling female foeticide or killing baby girls through abandonment, infanticide, and abortion.

(b) You all must have seen the young children as rag pickers in your society, this is the age when they should get education and develop themselves physically, mentally and intellectually so that they can also prove themselves as instruments of development for the nation. Prepare a project on these children, covering their lifestyles, family backgrounds and the role of government. The project should include some government schemes and child development programmes which lead to creating awareness about good health and education.

Ans: Answer any one project

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