Tourism 337 Solved Assignment 2021-22 | NIOS Senior Secondary Solved Assignment 2021 - 22

 NIOS Senior Secondary Solved Assignment 2021 - 22
Tourism 337 Solved Assignment 2021-22
Tutor Marked Assignment
Max Marks: 20

Note:

(i) All questions are compulsory. The Marks allotted for each question are given beside the questions.

(ii) Write your name, enrollment numbers, AI name and subject on the first page of the answer sheet.

1. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words. 2

(a) Find out any two autonomous institutions under the Ministry of Tourism and describe them in brief. (See Lesson 2)

Ans: Two autonomous institutions under the Ministry of Tourism in India.

a) The National Board for Wildlife (NBW) is the apex body under the Ministry. It has been given responsibility of conserving and protecting wildlife habitats and ensuring effective protection, conservation and wise use of wildlife resources.

b) The Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) is an autonomous institution that works closely with the central government to promote research into archaeology museums

(b) Identify various types of architectural constructions associated with Buddhism. (See Lesson 8)

Ans: Buddhism is a religion which is associated with various architectural constructions. There are many architectural forms associated with Buddhism such as stupas, pagodas, viharas, and chaityas.

a)    Stupa

b)   Pagoda

c)    Vihara

d)   Chaitya

Some of the most famous Buddhist temples are the one in Bhutan and Cambodia. There is a stupa in China, Japan, Korea and Thailand as well as a pagoda in Tibet that has been around for centuries.

पर्यटन  (337)| Tourism 337 NIOS Free Solved Assignment 2021 – 22 (Hindi Medium)

2. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.  2

(a) The National festivals of India also attract the tourist. Illustrate. (See Lesson 11)

Ans: The Indian festivals are not only associated with the festival of India but also attracts tourists to India. Some of the popular festivals in India are Diwali, Holi, Eid ul-Fitr, Rath Yatra, Makar Sankranti, Shivratri etc. The Indian festivals including Dussehra and Diwali are celebrated with great enthusiasm in nearly every part of India. It is also said that the Indian festivals offers visitors with a unique experience of worshipping God with their own traditions and culture.

(b) Identify some of the factors that are affecting Tourism in the world. (See Lesson 14)

As the world becomes more interconnected, Tourism is becoming more accessible. This means that people are now traveling to other countries for various reasons. The tourism industry has experienced a substantial increase in the last few years and it is expected to be even higher in the future.

Tourism is a booming industry, and there are many factors that affect the number of tourists to visit a country. One such factor is culture. Many countries in the world have different cultures that they share with other countries in the world. Some of these factors include:

a) The tourism industry has been affected by social media and its ability to promote holidays and travel destinations.

b) Security concerns and stricter visa requirements for travelers also play a role in decreasing tourism in some regions.

c) Environmental concerns, such as climate change and pollution, also contribute to lower levels of tourism.

3. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.    2

(a) Identify the important characteristic features of Indian heritage in brief. (See Lesson 16)

Ans: India is a land of rich culture and tradition. The country has a long history and is regarded as one of the oldest civilizations in the world. Since ancient times, India has been home to many religions, languages, ethnic groups, and cultures that have influenced each other over time. This diversity is what makes India so unique from other countries in the world. India is a very diverse country with a lot of heritage to offer. There are certain features that make Indian heritage unique.

a) It is one of the oldest civilizations in the world

b) The country has more than 100 languages spoken by over 1366 million people

c) Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism and Zoroastrianism are some of the major religions practiced in India

(b) New dimensions are emerging in Indian Tourism. Make a list of some of them. (See Lesson 13)

Ans: The Indian Tourism industry has been witnessing a rapid change with the emergence of new dimensions to the tourism arena. Some of those dimensions are:

1. New uses for existing tourist destinations: For example, Goa as an international destination.

2. Increasingly high-end and luxury tourism: For example, wellness and yoga retreats in Kerala

3. Sustainable tourism: For example, Kerala’s ecotourism initiative

4. Tourism as a source of economic development: For example, the development and promotion of the ‘Incredible India’ brand by the Government of India

4. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100 to 150 words.    4

(a) Continuity and change has been the hallmark of Indian culture. Explain of by giving suitable examples. (See Lesson 6)

Ans: Indian society and culture has been characterized by change and continuity. This is because the culture of India was always fluid and it changed with the time. India changes by leaps and bounds, but remains deeply connected to its past.

The Indian culture has been a source of inspiration to many. It is one of the most diverse cultures in the world. With its rich tradition, it has also witnessed many changes over the course of time

The Indian culture is an amalgam of various influences. The country has been home to different communities like Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs and Christians. These communities have brought about unique practices in their own way and this process has led to dynamic changes in the society.

With regards to food habits, Indians are known for their love for spicy food and desserts like gulab jamun, kheer-kulfi-sohan lassi etc. They also love traditional sitar music which is said to have originated in India.

(b) The religious tourism has continued since the ancient times. Identify some of the places of religious significance and describe them briefly. (See Lesson 9)

Ans: Religious tourism has been a long term trend and it has continued to grow as time passes. People want to explore different cultures and religions through tourism.

India, China, North Korea, Canada, United States of America: These are some of the countries that have religious significance in their own country. The places for religious tourism include temples, churches, mosques and synagogues. The journey to these places is often a spiritual one helping people find peace and liberation from their troubles.

Some of the examples place of religious significance

1. Konark Sun Temple, India: The Konark Sun Temple in Odisha was built during the 13th century AD under King Narasimhadeva I as a Hindu temple dedicated to Surya (the sun god). The temple was constructed with stone blocks that were cut to resemble giant steps.

2. The Vetican City: Konark Sun Temple, India: The Konark Sun Temple in Odisha was built during the 13th century AD under King Narasimhadeva I as a Hindu temple dedicated to Surya (the sun god). The temple was constructed with stone blocks that were cut to resemble giant steps.

3. Mecca: Mecca is one of the most important religious sites for Islam and attracts millions of Muslims every year for Hajj pilgrimage.

4. Jerusalem: Jerusalem is considered holy by Jews and Christians, while Vatican City gets millions of visitors every year because it houses the Pope's residence and headquarters for Christianity.

5. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100 to 150 words.   4

(a) Differentiate between on-the-job training methods and off-the-job training methods. (See Lesson 17)

Ans: On-the-job training: When the employees are trained while they are performing the job then it is known as On-the-job training. Under this method the employees learn by doing. This method is suitable only for technical jobs and the advantage of this method is employees can learn the practical problems while working on the job. The biggest disadvantage of on-the-job training is that it results in wastage of resources.

Off-the-job training: Off-the-job training means training the employees by taking them away from their work position which means employees are given a break from the job and sent for training. This method of training is more suitable for managerial job positions as conferences, seminars are held to train the managers.

Difference between on-the-job training methods and off-the-job training methods

a) On the job training is a type of training that takes place during the course of performance of a job. Off the job training is a form of learning that takes place outside the context of work.

b) Off the job training is considered as a long term approach to learning new skills or acquiring new knowledge. While on the job training, people are trained to do specific tasks that are required for their roles at work.

c) Off-the-Job training is a type of job training that does not require the trainee to be paid by the employer but in on the job training the trainee will get stipend or salary.

(b) List out the advantages and disadvantages of oral communication. (See Lesson 18)

Ans: Oral communication is important in the workplace. It has a huge impact on how people perceive you. It can create trust between employees and work colleagues; it can also make them more productive by building an open dialogue.

Oral communication is often characterized as the most natural form of communication. We are able to use our hands, eyes, ears, and body language to convey our message to other people without having to write or type anything out. However, that doesn't mean that writing isn't important for oral communication.

Here are the advantages and disadvantages of using it:

Advantages of oral communication:

a) It is easier to understand and follow your ideas with oral communication than through written words

b) Using it can help you convey emotions and make people stop and think about what you say.

c) It is easier to develop rapport with people when you use oral communication instead of writing.

Disadvantages of oral communication:

a) It is not as convenient as writing, but it takes more time and effort because of the need for planning and preparation.

b) You may lose the attention of your audience if they hear something that they don't like or think doesn't make sense, which can cause them to tune out or leave altogether.

6. Prepare any one project out of the given below:     6

(a) Make a list of tour operations in your locality. Find out the different types of tour operators. Also find out how has Corona pandemic affected their work.

Ans: Answer of any one project is necessary

(b)  Make a list of cuisines popular in different parts of the Country. Visit some of the restaurants in your locality and find out how many of them they serve.

Ans: Indian cuisine is quite varied and so is the type of food eaten in different parts of the country. India is known for its cultural diversity and this is reflected in its cuisine. But what are some of the cuisines that you might not have heard of? Let's take a look at some Indian cuisines that are popular in different parts of India.

a)    North Indian Cuisine: The foods of the sub-continent are largely influenced by the spices and dishes brought over by Muslims who made their way to India centuries ago. Such dishes often include meat, vegetables, breads, rice, and yogurt.

b)   South Indian Cuisine: South Indian cuisine is a fusion of various regional dishes that evolved over centuries of cultural exchange. The quintessential dish of South India, the masala dosa, is made with thin rice and lentil batter that is stuffed into a griddle-cooked round shaped crepe. This dish can be savored on its own or served with chutneys, sambar, or curries.

c)    Hyderabadi/Kashmiri Cuisine: Hyderabadi cuisine is the traditional culinary style in Hyderabad, in Telangana in southern India. The cuisine is a blend of Persian, Central Asian, Turkish and Indian flavors. The Hyderabadi biryani is a dish that has gained popularity worldwide because of its taste and flavor.

d)   Gujarati Cuisine: Gujarati cuisine is a blend of Mughlai, Rajasthani, and Punjabi cooking. It's rich in spices and uses a lot of vegetables. The most popular dish is dhokla- an Indian version of the Middle Eastern dish mufa'a.

e)   Punjabi: India's most popular province, Punjab's cuisine can be found all over India. Typically, Punjabi food includes dishes like tandoori chicken, kulchas, gajar halwa, bhindi masala, rotis, naan breads and samosas

f)     Kerala: Kerala is a state in India with a diverse culture and cuisine. It is known for its interesting dishes such as iddiappam - rice noodles.

Not all restaurants are the same. Some restaurants have a lot of potential to be profitable while some just keep on struggling even though they have a good quality food. The following are the restaurants I have visited in my locality and what are their services:

a)    Lazy Susan Cafe - Brunch, breakfast, lunch, dinner.

b)   Hot Bakery - Breads, desserts, coffee, tea.

c)    La Tienda - Coffee shop with bakery goods.

d)   Coco's South Indian Restaurant – South Indian food.

e)   Pita Pit - Turkish food with pita breads and wraps.

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