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Saturday, December 01, 2018

AHSEC QUESTION PAPERS: HISTORY' 2014


2014
HISTORY
Full Marks: 100
Pass Marks: 30
Time: Three hours
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions.
1. Answer the following questions:                          1x12=12
a)      Who was the first Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India?
b)      What kinds of grinding instruments were used to grind the grain in Harappan Civilization?
c)       What is hagiography?
d)      Who was Shankar Deva?
e)      What was the name of Alberuni’s book written to Arabic language?
f)       Who led a new religious movement in Karnataka?
g)      Who was the most famous ruler of Vijayanagar?
h)      Which was the language of the Royal Court of the Mughals?
i)        Where did the Revolt of 1857 first breakout?
j)        Who were the Jotedars?
k)      What was the name of present Bangladesh during the time of Partition of India?
l)        Who was the first President of Independent India?
2. Answer in brief the following questions:                                          2x12=24
a)      Write any two features of Harappan script.
b)      What is Gotra? What are the two important rules about Gotra?
c)       Who was Azan Pir? Where is his Dargah situated?
d)      When was the Assam Student Union established and who presided over its first session?
e)      Who were the Alvars and Nayanars?
f)       Why was Khwaja Moinuddin’s Dargah very popular? Give two reasons.
g)      Name the two English translators of Ain-I Akbari. When did they complete this translation work?
h)      Who was Gulbadan Begum? Which book did she write?
i)        How were the village Jotedars often found more effective than the Zamindars? Give two reasons.
j)        Did the religious beliefs influence the rebels of 1857? Give two examples.
k)      Who was Buchanan? How valuable in Buchanan’s account in Indian history?
l)        Write two reasons that made the Dandi Yatra a notable event.
3. Answer the following questions:                                          4x10=40
a)      How did the Harappan people procure raw materials for craft production?
b)      Explain how and why Stupas were built.
c)       Write a brief note on the Quit India Movement in Assam.
d)      What was Bernier’s view on the Sati system in India?
e)      What is Khanqah? Describe in brief about life in the Chisti Khanqah.
f)       Examine the significance of the rituals associated with the Mahanavami Dibba.
g)      Who was Akbar? Mention any three of his achievements.
h)      Examine the significance of the Revolt of 1857.
i)        Why was salt accepted as a symbol of protest in the Civil Disobedience Movement?
j)        What were the main terms of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact?
4. (a) Rules for monks and nuns.
These are some of the rules laid down in the Vinaya Pitaka:
When a new felt (blanket/rug) has been made by a bhikkhu, it is to be kept for (at least) six years. If after less than six years he should have another new felt (blanket/rug) made, regardless of whether or not he has disposed of the first, then – unless he has been authorized by the bhikkhu – it is to be forfeited and confessed.
In case a bhikkhu arriving at a family residence is presented with cakes or cooked grain-meal, he may accept two or three bowlfuls, if he so desires. If he should accept more than that, it is to be confessed. Having accepted the two or three bowlfuls and having taken them from there, he is to share them among the bhikkhu. This is proper course here.
Should any bhikkhu, having set out bedding in a lodging belonging to the sangha – or having had it set out – and then on departing neither put it away nor have it put away, or should he go without taking leave, it is to be confessed.
Questions:
1)      Who long a bhikkhu should at least keep his self-made blanket?                               2
2)      What bhikkhu supposed to do if he makes a blanket before the time fixed for it?          2
3)      What are the rules that bhikkhu is supposed to observe before accepting meals from a host?  2
Or
How could men and women acquire wealth?
For men, the Manusmriti declares, there are seven means of acquiring wealth:
Inheritance, finding, purchase, conquest, investment, work, and acceptance of gifts from good people
For women, there are six means of acquiring wealth: what was given in front of the fire (in marriage) or the bridal procession, or as a token of affection, and what she got from her brother, mother or father. She could also acquire wealth through any subsequent gift and whatever her ‘affectionate’ husband might give her.
Questions:
1)      According to Manusmriti, by which means could the men acquire wealth?                        2
2)      What were the means for the women to acquire wealth?                                                     4
(b) Nuts like a man’s head
The following is how Ibn Batuta described the coconut:
These trees are among the most peculiar trees in kind and most astonishing in habit. They look exactly like date-palms, without any difference between them except that the one produces nuts as its fruits and the other produces dates. The nut of a coconut tree resembles a man’s head, for in it are what look like two eyes and a mouth, and the inside of it when it is green looks like hair. They make from this cords with which they sew up ships instead of (using) iron nails, and they (also) make from it cables for vessels.
Questions:
1)      What similarity and dissimilarity did Ibn Batuta find in the coconut and date-palm trees?    2
2)      How has he compared the coconut to a man’s head?         2
3)      According to Ibn Batuta, for what purpose are the fibred used by the people?                  2
Or
How tanks were built?
About a tank constructed by Krishnadeva Raya, Paes wrote:
The king made a tank ….. at the mouth of two hills so that all the water which comes from either one side or the other collects there; and besides this, water comes to it from more than three leagues (approximately 15 kilometers) by pipes which run along the lower parts of the range outside. This water is brought from a lake which itself overflows into a little river. The tank has three large pillars handsomely carved with figures; these connect above with certain pipes by which they get water when they have to irrigate their gardens and rice-fields. In order to make this tank they said king broke down a hill…… In the tank I saw so many people at work that there must have been fifteen or twenty thousand men, looking like ants……
Questions:
1)      Name the kind associated with the construction of the tank.                                       1
2)      Where did the water reservoir was built?                                                                             1
3)      How did the water get collected in the tank?                                                                      2
4)      Why did so many people were engaged in the construction of the tank?                               2
(c) “The British element is gone, but they have left the mischief behind”
Sardar Vallabhabhai Patel said:
It is no use saying that we ask for separate electro rates, because it is good for us. We have heard it long enough. We have heard it for years, and as a result of this agitation we are not a separate nation ……. Can you show me one free country where there are separate electro rates? If so, is shall be prepared to accept it. But in this unfortunate country if this separate electro rate is going to be persisted in, even after the division of the country, woe betide the country; it is not worth living in. Therefore, I say, it is not for my good alone, it is for your own good that I say it, forget the past. One day, we may be united………. The British element is gone, but they have left the mischief behind. We do not want to perpetuate that mischief. (Hear, hear). When the British introduced this element they had not expected that they will have to go so soon. They wanted it for their easy administration. This is all right. But they have left the legacy behind. Are we to get out of it or not?
CAD. Vol. V
Questions:
1)      What did Sardar Vallabhabhai Patel say in opposition to the provision of separate electro rates?  2
2)      What were the evil effects of the separate electro rates?                  2
3)      Whose mischief was the provision of separate electro rates? Why had they done so?           2
Or
What should the qualities of a National Language be?
A few months before his death Mahatma Gandhi reiterated his views on the language questions:
This Hindustani should be neither Sanskritized Hindi nor Persianised Urdu but a happy combination of both. It should also freely admit words wherever necessary from the different regional languages and also assimilate words from foreign languages provided that they can mix well and easily with our national language. Thus our national language must develop into a rich and powerful instrument capable of expressing the whole gamut of human thought and feelings. To confine oneself to Hindi or Urdu would be a crime against intelligence and the spirit of patriotism.
Harijansevak, 12 October, 1947.
Questions:
1)      Why did Gandhiji prefer Hindustani as the National Language of India?                4
2)      What did Mahatma Gandhi consider against patriotism and intelligence?               2
5. Draw an outline map of India and mark five centres of Revolt of 1857:                           6
Jhansi; Lucknow; Azamgarh; Agra; Delhi
Or
Write a short note on the Non-Cooperation Movement.
Or
What were the causes of Partition of India?
***

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