Business Studies - Question Paper Pattern and Question Bank for 2021 Exam

[Business Studies Important Questions, AHSEC Class 12,  Business Studies Question Paper Pattern, Important Questions for 2021 Exam]

AHSEC – CLASS 12
BUSINESS STUDIES
QUESTION PAPER PATTERN
QUESTIONS TYPE
NUMBER OF QUESTIONS
TOTAL
MCQ
8
1X8=8
2 MARKS
5
2X5=10
3 MARKS
5
3X5=15
5 MARKS
7
5X7=35
8 MARKS
4
8X4=32
TOTAL
22 QUESTIONS
100

AHSEC – CLASS 12
EXPECTED BLUE PRINT OF BUSINESS STUDIES QUESTION PAPER
CHAPTERWISE – NUMBER OF QUESTIONS WITH MARKS (2012 to 2019)

Chapters
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
Unit 1: Nature
1+3+4+5
3+5
1+1+5
1+1+5
1+5
1+1+5
1+8
5+8
Unit 2: Scientific mgt
1+1+5
3+5
1+5
1+1+5
1+1+1+5
1+5
1+2+5
1+8
Unit 3: Business envt.
1+4
1+5
1+3
5
5
5
3+5
5+5
Unit 4: Planning
5
1+1+3
3+4
2+5
2+5
2+5
1+2+2+3
8
Unit 5: Organising
1+4+6
1+3+4+6
6
2+8
2+8
1+2+8
1+2+5+5
3+5
Unit 6: Staffing
1+6
6
3+5
1+2+5
1+2+5
2+5
8
1+1+3+5
Unit 7: Directing
4+5+6
1+3+6
1+1+3+6
2+8
2+8
1+2+5+8
3+5

Unit 8: Controlling
1+5
1+6
1
3+3
3+3
3+3+5
5
1+1+3+5
Unit 9: Financial Mgt
3+3+6
1+5+6
1+1+5+6
1+3+8
1+3+8
3+8
1+1+8
3+8
Unit 10: Financial Market
3+5+5
1+1+3+5
4+4
1+2+5
1+2+5
1+1+2+5
1+1+8
1+1+2
Unit 11: Marketing
1+3+5+6
3+4+4+6
1+3+5+6
1+5+8
1+5+8
1+5+8
5+5
2+3+5
Unit 12: Consumer Protection
1+1+4
1+5
6
3+3
3+3
3+3
3+3
1+3

For 1 mark questions focus on these chapters.
UNIT
MCQ
1. Nature and Significance of Management
1/2
2. Principles of Management
1
3. Business Environment
1
4. Planning
1
6. Staffing
1
7. Directing
1
9. Financial Management
1
10. Financial Markets
1
11. Marketing
1
TOTAL
8 QUESTIONS
For 2 marks questions focus on these chapters.
UNIT
2 MARKS
1. Nature and Significance of Management
1
4. Planning
1 (OR)
5. Organising
1
6. Staffing
1
7. Directing
1
10. Financial Markets
1
TOTAL
5 QUESITONS
For 3 marks questions focus on these chapters.
UNIT
3 MARKS
8. Controlling
2
9. Financial Management
1
12. Consumer Protection
2
TOTAL
5 QUESTIONS
For 5 marks questions focus on these chapters.
UNIT
5 MARKS
1. Nature and Significance of Management
1
2. Principles of Management
1
3. Business Environment
1
4. Planning
1
6. Staffing
1
10. Financial Markets
1
11. Marketing
1
TOTAL
7 QUESTIONS
For 8 marks questions focus on these chapters.
UNIT
8 MARKS
5. Organising
1
7. Directing
1
9. Financial Management
1
11. Marketing
1
TOTAL
4 QUESTIONS

AHSEC CLASS 12 BUSINESS STUDIES

IMPORTANT QUESTIONS FOR 2021 EXAM PLUS

Questions asked from 2008 to 2020 exam

Unit – 1: Nature and Significance of Management

Q.1. What is Management?  2007, 2010, 2014, 2015

Q.2. Explain the modern concept of management.

Q.3. Mention features/characteristics/nature of Management.  2009, 2013, 2017

Q.4. What are the objectives of management?  2008, 2010, 2012, 2019, 2020

Q.5. Explain the importance of management.

Q.6. “Management is a science and also an art”. Comment. Why management is not an exact science?  2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2019

Q.7. “Is management becoming a profession”? Discuss in light of emerging trend.  2008, 2016

Q.11. Explain in brief “MANAGEMENT AS AN ACTIVITY”.

Q.12. What are the feature of managerial functions?

Q.13. List out functions/ Elements of Management.   2008, 2018

Q.19. What is coordination? What are its features? Mention its importance.  2007, 2010, 2017, 2019, 2020

Q.20. What is the result of an effective co- ordination? Distinguish between coordination and co-operation and co-ordination and control. 

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ALSO READ (AHSEC ASSAM BOARD CLASS 12)

1. AHSEC CLASS 12 BUSINESS STUDIES CHAPTERWISE NOTES

2. AHSEC CLASS 12 BUSINESS STUDIES QUESTION PAPERS (FROM 2012 TILL DATE)

3. AHSEC CLASS 12 BUSINESS STUDIES SOLVED QUESTION PAPERS (FROM 2012 TILL DATE)

4. AHSEC CLASS 12 BUSINESS STUDIES IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

5. BUSINESS STUDIES MCQs

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Questions asked from 2008 to 2020 exam

Unit – 2: Principles of Management

Q.1. What are Management Principles? Mention the steps for deriving Management principles. 

Q.2. Write down the characteristics (Nature) of management principles.             2008, 2011, 2017

Q.3. Explain briefly the NEED/IMPORTANCE of management principles? Or Why proper understanding of management principles is necessary?                2018, 2019

Q.4. List out Fayol’s 14 general principles of management. 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2020

Q.5. Explain the concept of Scalar chain and Gang Plank.

Q.6. Define Scientific Management.                       2007,

Q.7. What are the Objectives of Scientific Management?

Q.8. What are the characteristics of Scientific Management?                     2008, 2009

Q.9. What are the advantages and criticism of scientific management to the workers?                  2008

Q.10. Explain the importance of principles of scientific management.

Q.11. Explain Taylor’s principles of Scientific Management.                        2008, 2009

Q.15. Define the principle of unity of command. What can be the consequences if this principle is violated? 09, 13

Q.16. “Taylor’s principles of scientific management and Fayol’s principle of management are mutually complementary“. Do you agree? Considering the above statement, write a brief note on the similarities and dissimilarities between Taylor’s and Fayol’s contributions.          2016

Q.17.Write a detailed note on contribution of FW Taylor and Henry Fayol. 

Questions asked from 2008 to 2020 exam

Unit – 3: Business Environment

Q.N.1.What is business environment? Explain the features of business environment.                  2010

Q.N.2. Explain the importance of Business Environment.                             2011

Q.N.3. State the features of the industrial policy 1991. Or Mention the changes initiated by the government of India since 1991.                     2013

Q.N.4. Explain the impact of environment policy changes on business and industry after 1991.  2008, 13, 16, 18, 19, 2020

Q.N.5. What is “liberalisation”? Mention its process and objectives.     2010, 2016

Q.N.8. State the features of LPG model. (Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation)             2019

Q.N.10. Explain in detail various components of Business environment. 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018

Q.N.10. Explain four strategies that are available to the managers to deal with changing business environment. 

Questions asked from 2008 to 2020 exam

Unit – 4: Planning

Q.1. Define planning.

Q.5. State five features of Planning.                                       2011, 2015, 2017

Q.6. Explain the characteristics (Essentials) of a sound plan.                                       2008

Q.9. How does planning help co-ordination?

Long Answer Type (5/8 Marks)

Q.1. Discuss the importance of Planning.                             2007, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2016

Q.2. What is Planning Process? Discuss the process or steps in the process of Planning. 2007, 2009, 2012, 2013, 2016, 2019

Q.3. Discuss the Limitations of Planning.  2010, 2015, 2018 or Why does planning fail sometimes in spite of the best efforts of management? Planning does not guarantee success.” Comment

Q.4. What is planning premises? Explain its various types.

Q.5. Explain the advantages of Laying down objectives and procedures.               2015 

Questions asked from 2008 to 2020 exam

Unit – 5: Organising

Short and long Answer Type Question (2/3/5/8 marks)

Q.1. What is Organising? Mention its nature or characteristics.                 2008, 2010, 2015

Q.2. Discuss the steps of Organising. 2016, 2020

Q.3. Discuss various principles of organising.

Q.4. Why is organising considered an important function of management? Give any six reasons.  2007, 2009, 2011, 2014, 2016, 2020

Q.12. What do you mean by Delegation of authority? Mention its elements (Responsibility, Authority and Accountability). Distinguish between authority and responsibility.                                        2009, 2016, 2019, 2020

Q.13. State five advantages of Delegation of Authority. (Importance of Delegation of authority or Necessity of Delegation in every Business organisation)                2009, 2012, 2014, 2016, 2020

Q.14. What is centralisation? How centralisation differs from decentralisation?                              2015, 2017

Q.15. What is Decentralisation? Mention its Importance.                            2010

Q.16. Distinguish between Delegation of Authority and Decentralisation 2008, 2011, 2013, 2018, 2019  

Q.17. What are the barriers to effective delegation of authority? How these can be improved?                     2007, 2009, 2011

Q.18. “Authority can be delegated but responsibility cannot.” Explain.  2008, 2010, 2013 

Questions asked from 2008 to 2020 exam

Unit – 6: Staffing

Q.1. What is Staffing? Discuss the features and importance of staffing.                                 2007, 2010, 2016, 2020

Q.2. What are the steps involved in the staffing process? Explain briefly?                           2012, 2015, 2016, 2019

Q.5. What is recruitment? Explain its process.

Q.6. What is internal source of recruitment? Mention its merits and demerits. State the Internal source of recruitment. 2013, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2019, 2020

Q.7. What is external source of recruitment? Mention its merits and demerits. State five methods for external recruitment.                      2008, 2012, 2014

Q.8. What do you mean by Selection? Briefly describes the steps in the selection process?

Q.9. What is training, Education and development? Discuss any two advantages of training and development to the organization and to the employees?                      2008, 2012, 2020

Q.10. What do you mean by on the job training? Mention its various methods.                                2011, 2017

Q.11. What do you mean by off the job method of training? Enumerate various method of off the job training?  2016, 2018, 2020

Q.12. Differentiate between training, education and development on the bases of purpose and focus.                2016

Q.13. Differentiate between internal source of recruitment and external source of recruitment?

Q.14. Differentiate between Recruitment and Selection.   2007, 2015, 2018, 2020 

Questions asked from 2008 to 2020 exam

Unit – 7: Directing

Q.1. What is directing? Discuss the various Principles of Directing.                          2015, 2018

Q.2. Mention the features and importance of directing.               2011

Q.3. What is Supervision? Discuss in brief the functions of a Supervisor (Importance of supervision).  08, 10, 11, 16, 2020

Q.4. What is Motivation? Explain its feature and importance.                    2012, 2013, 2014

Q.6. State financial and non-financial incentives.             2013, 2017

Q.7. Discuss five monetary/financial Incentives.             

Q.8. State five non monetary incentives.

Q.9. Define Leadership. Mention its importance? What are the essential qualities of a Leader? 2010, 2012, 2013, 2016

Q.10. Discuss various types of leadership styles.

Q.11. “All managers are leaders but all leaders are not managers.” Considering this statement, distinguish between Leadership and Management.

Q.12. Define Communication. Explain its process and purpose.

Q.13. Discuss the Importance of Communication.                            2012

Q.15. What is formal and informal communication? State three advantages and two limitations of Formal and Informal communication.               2007, 2014

Q.16. Distinguish between Formal communication and Informal communication.                            2015

Q.17. Explain various forms of business communication.

Q.18. Distinguish between oral and written communication. 

Questions asked from 2008 to 2020 exam

Unit – VIII: Controlling

Q.1. What is controlling? Explain its nature or Characteristics.

Q.2. Discuss the importance and limitations of controlling.  2009, 2011, 2012, 2015

Q.4. Explain briefly the various steps in the process of control.  2009, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2017, 2020

Q.6. Describe in Brief the essentials of an effective control system (Any Five).    2007, 2009, 2014, 2017, 2020 

Questions asked from 2008 to 2020 exam

Unit – IX: Business Finance

Q.2. What are various types of financial decisions or finance functions? Explain them briefly.   2016, 2017, 2020

Q.4. What is dividend decision? What are the factors affecting dividend decision of a company?  2012, 2016, 2020

Q.5. What is fixed capital? Explain its importance. Explain briefly five factors determining the amount of fixed capital. 2015, 2018

Q.6. What is meant by Working capital? How is it calculated? Discuss five determinants of working capital requirements.                                2012, 2013, 2014, 2016, 2017

Q.7. Mention the need and importance of Working Capital.       2015

Q.8. Distinguish between fixed capital and working capital.                       2015, 2018

Q.9. Mention various role and functions of a Finance Manager.                                2014, 2017

Q.10. What is financial planning? What are its three aspects? Mention its objectives and importance. 2015, 2017, 2018, 2020

Q.11. “To avoid the problem of shortage and surplus of funds, what is required in financial management? Name the concept and explain four points of importance. (Financial Planning)                      2015

Q.12. Distinguish between financial planning and financial management. 

**********************************

ALSO READ (AHSEC ASSAM BOARD CLASS 12)

1. AHSEC CLASS 12 BUSINESS STUDIES CHAPTERWISE NOTES

2. AHSEC CLASS 12 BUSINESS STUDIES QUESTION PAPERS (FROM 2012 TILL DATE)

3. AHSEC CLASS 12 BUSINESS STUDIES SOLVED QUESTION PAPERS (FROM 2012 TILL DATE)

4. AHSEC CLASS 12 BUSINESS STUDIES IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

5. BUSINESS STUDIES MCQs

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Questions asked from 2008 to 2020 exam

Unit – X: Financial Markets

Q.N.1. What is financial market? What are its components? Mention its functions.                        2015

Q.N.2. What is money market? Explain its nature and functions.                              2015, 2018, 2020

Q.N.3. Explain the various Money market instruments.  2013, 2015, 2017

Q.N.4. What is Capital Market? What are its components? Explain its importance.          1999, 2004, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2018, 2020

Q.N.5. Distinguish between Capital market and Money market.  2012, 2014, 2018, 2019, 2020

Q.N.6. What is primary and secondary market? State four differences between primary market and secondary market. 2013, 2014, 2017

Q.7. What is stock exchange? Mention its features. “Stock exchange is the barometer of the economy” In the light of the statement, discuss the functions of the stock exchange.              2012, 2013, 2016, 2020

Q.N.8. Explain the services provided by Stock Exchanges.

Q.N.9. “SEBI is the watchdog of the securities market” Do you agree? Give four reasons to support your Answer.  2013, 2014, 2018, 2020              

Q.N.15. Explain various mode of raising capital in the Primary Market.

Q.N. 16. Mention various types of operators in stock exchange. 

Questions asked from 2008 to 2020 exam

Unit – XI: Marketing

1. What is Marketing? What are the important features of Marketing?

2. What are various functions of Marketing?  2012, 2014, 2018, 2020

3. Differentiate between Marketing and Selling. Or Selling is Product oriented and Marketing is Customer orientated. Explain.                2014, 2017

4. Write a Brief note on traditional and modern marketing concept.

5. What is marketing mix? What are its elements (4 P’s)? What are its features?  2012, 2013, 2017

6. Explain 4 P’s of Marketing Mix or various elements of marketing mix.  2012, 2013, 2014, 2017, 2019

7. What is product? What are its features? Mention its various classes.                2017

8.  What is price and pricing mix? Explain the factors determining fixation of price.  2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2019

9. What is Branding? Write the characteristics of goods brand name. What are its Advantages?   2016

10. What is a labeling? What are its Functions?

11. What is meant by Packaging? Explain its functions and importance.                                2013, 2016, 2018

12. What is promotion mix? Mention its various dimensions or elements? Also explain them.                 2015

13. What is advertising? Explain its role and Limitations.  2012, 2013, 2014

15. What is personal selling? What are its features? What are the qualities of a good salesman? Explain the importance of personal selling to customers?                                 2016

16. What is Sales Promotion? Mention its merits and demerits.

17. Explain sales promotion techniques/Model: (a) Rebate (b) Product combination (c) Lucky Draw (d) Contest (e) Discounts 2012

18. Differentiate between advertising and personal selling.                       2019

19. Distinguish between advertising and publicity.                         2018, 2020

20. Distinguish between advertising and Sales Promotion. 

Questions asked from 2008 to 2020 exam

Unit – 12: Consumer Protection

Q.N.1. Explain briefly the meaning of “consumer” with reference to Consumer Protection Act 1986. Who cannot be considered as consumer?

Q.N.2. Define consumer protection? What are the salient features and objectives of Consumer Protection Act?

Q.N.3. Who can file a complaint under the CP Act 1986 and under what circumstances? What are the features of a “Complaint”?                    2019

Q.N.4. How Complaints are filed? What are the remedies/reliefs available to consumers under the Consumer Protection Act 1986?                                                             2016, 2017, 2020

Q.N.5. Explain in brief rights and Responsibilities of consumers as provided under the Consumer Protection Act, 1986.  2012, 2015, 2017, 2019, 2020

Q.N.7. Explain the importance of consumer Protection act from the point of view of consumer?  2014, 2018

Q.N.8. Explain the need/importance for consumer protection from the point of view of business.  2013, 2016

Q.N.10. What type of judicial machinery is there to deal with consumer grievances and disputes?

Q.N.11. Enumerate the various acts passed by the Government of India which helps in protecting the interest of the consumers.

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