Cost Accounting Important Questions, Dibrugarh University B.Com 4th Sem CBCS Pattern 2024 Exam

Cost Accounting Important Questions
B.Com 4th Sem CBCS Pattern
Dibrugarh University

Unit – 1: Basic Concept of Cost Accounting (Part A) and Cost Sheet (Part B)
(These Questions are subject to modification, if necesary. Download DTS Application for complete notes)

Q. What is Cost accounting? Discuss briefly the nature (2010) and objectives (2011) of Cost accounting. 2023

Q. What are the advantages and limitations of cost accounting?               2019

Q. “Cost accounting is an essential tool to the Management” –Comment.            2011, 2012

Q. Distinguish and also mention the relationship between

Ø  Cost accounting and Financial accounting   2013SN,2016SN, 2018SN

Ø  Cost accounting and Management Accounting

Q. “Cost accounting is better understood as a cost control and cost reduction exercise and not mere a cost ascertainment process”. Considering this statement explain the scope of cost accounting.           2010

Q. What are the steps involved in installing a costing system. Mention the problems faced by a manufacturing unit in installing such a system. What are the essentials of an effective costing system?              2012, 2014

Q. Explain the role and functions of cost accountant.

Q. What do you understand by cost classification? Discuss the various bases of classification of costs and various types of costs.     2015, 2016SN, 2017

Q. Explain the purposes of classification of costs. Distinguish between direct cost and indirect cost.   2022, 2023

Q. Write Short notes on:

Ø  Cost sheet or Statement of Cost       2017SN

Ø  4 Methods of Cost accounting

Ø  4 Techniques of Cost accounting   2019SN

Ø  Cost centre and Cost Unit

Ø  Characteristics of an Ideal Costing System


Unit 1: Part B (Practical)

Practical Problems:

a) Cost sheet focusing on valuation of stock of finished goods, keep in mind expenses ignored in cost accounts, preparation of cost sheet from financial records (refer unit 4 – Reconciliation), profit percentages given on cost price or sale price.          Every year

b) Follow 28 solved questions uploaded on my blog


Unit – 2: Material Control – Purchase and Issue (Part A)

(These Questions are subject to modification, if necesary. Download DTS Application for complete notes)

Q. What do you mean by Inventory Control (2017SN)? What are its objectives (Need)? Explain the essentials of Material Control.             2014, 2015SN

Q. What are various techniques of Inventory Control? Explain them in detail.    2015SN, 2018

Q. Explain various methods of pricing of material issue together with their respective merits and demerits. 2013, 2015SN

Q. What do you mean by Perpetual Inventory system (2013SN)? What are its essential features? Explain its importance in material control.                2016

Q. How Perpetual Inventory System differs from ABC analysis? State the advantages ofABC analysis.  2017

Q. Explain in brief the process of purchasing and receiving goods.

Q. “Store ledgers are essential to an efficient costing system”. Considering this statement highlight the uses and values of store ledgers. Distinguish between Store ledger and Bin Card (2015SN).

Q. Write Short notes on:

Ø  EOQ and its calculation                         2010, 2015

Ø  ABC analysis differs from VED analysis          2013, 2014, 2016SN, 2019SN

Ø  Perpetual (2018SN) and Periodical Inventory System

Ø Materials Losses, Scraps, Defectives and Spoilage

Q. Practical Questions:

a)      Calculation of EOQ with offer comparison, 2012

b)      Various levels of material – Reorder level, maximum level, minimum stock level.    2014

c)       Pricing of material issue – LIFO, FIFO, Weighted average and Simple average (focus of return and loss of goods).         2019

Unit – 2: Labour cost – Computation and Control (Part B)

(These Questions are subject to modification, if necesary. Download DTS Application for complete notes)

Q. What is Direct and indirect labour cost? Distinguish between them.

Q. What is idle time? What are its causes? Howit is controlled? Explain the treatment of idle time in cost accounting. 2012,2014SN, 2016, 2019, 2023

Q. What are various methods of wage payment? Explain them briefly.  2010

Q. What is Remuneration and incentives? Explain the essentials of a sound Incentive scheme.                  2010,2018

Q. Discuss the principles of Premium Bonus Plan. Describe the salient features of Rowan Plan and Halsey Plan and also distinguish between Rowan and Halsey Premium Plan.  2013, 2018,2019SN

Q. Write short notes on:

Ø  Overtime and its treatment

Ø  Labour Turnover, its causes and Control Measure    2013, 2014, 2017SN, 2018SN

Ø  Time and motion study                         2014SN

Ø  Job Evaluation and merit rating

Ø  Idle time and overtime                         2015SN

Ø  Remuneration and Incentives with their difference            2015SN

Ø  Time keeping, Merit Rating (2014) and time booking

Q. Practical Problems:

Rowan and Halsey premium plan, straight piece rate and Taylor’s differential piece rate method, treatment of overtime and labour turnover. Follow practical problems given in Jain and Narang’s Book. 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019

Unit 3: Part A (Overheads – Theory)

(These Questions are subject to modification, if necesary. Download DTS Application for complete notes)

Q. What do you mean by overhead cost? Explain the various classification of overhead cost.Mention its significance.                2013,2015, 2019

Q. What doyou mean by allocation and apportionment of overheads to cost centres (2017SN,2018SN)? What are the bases of overhead apportionment to various departments?                       2013, 2017, 2022, 2023

Q. What do you mean by under absorption and over absorption of Overheads? How do they arise (2015)? How are they treated in cost accounts?                   2015, 2018, 2019, 2023

Q. Explain various methods for absorption of overheads.                             2016,2017

Q. What is overhead codification? Mention is various methods. Explain its objectives and significance.

Q. Explain the treatment of some specific overheads in cost accounting.

Unit 3: Part B (Overheads – Practical)

Q. Practical Problems:

Ø  Machine hour Rate                 2013, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018

Ø  Primary and secondary distribution of overheads from production department to service department. 2014, 2019



Unit – 4: job, Contract and Process Costing

(These Questions are subject to modification, if necesary. Download DTS Application for complete notes)

Q. What is Job costing (2018) and Process costing? Distinguish between job costing and process costing. 2016SN, 2017

Q. Explain the features, advantages and disadvantages of job costing.

Q. What is process costing? What are the fundamental principles of Process Costing? Point out the advantages and limitations of Process costing.      2019

Q. Explainthe meaning and treatment of Normal, Abnormal loss and abnormal gain in Process Accounts. Distinguish between normal and abnormal process loss. 2017, 2019,2019SN, 2023

Q. What is contract costing? What are its features? Explain how profit is determined incase of an incomplete contract.

Q.What do you mean by Unit Costing? In which industries unit costing is applied? Explain its purposes and limitations.  2022

Q.What do you mean by service costing or operation costing? In which industries service costing is applied? Explain its purposes and limitations.

Q. Write short notes on: Cost plus contract, Escalation clause, contract costing vs job costing, Unit Costing

- Preparation of process accounts together with normal, abnormal loss and abnormal gain account, preparation of profit and loss account and costing profit and loss account, treatment of process finished stock and stock of raw material in process accounts. Follow examples of BASU AND DAS COST ACCOUNTING BOOK. 2013, 2016, 2018

- Preparation of contract account (Question bank given in Mobile application)

Unit 5:
Part A: Non-integrated and Integrated Accounts System
Part B (Reconciliation Statement – Theory or Practical)

(These Questions are subject to modification, if necesary. Download DTS Application for complete notes)

Q. What is integrated and non-integrated accounts? Distinguish between them along with their relative feature, merits and demerits.

Q. What are control accounts? Mention various types of ledger maintained under non-integrated accounting system?

Q. Briefly describe the need for and procedure for integration of Cost Accounting and Financial Accounting.

Q. What is Reconciliation Statement (2015SN, 2018SN)? Explain the need for Reconciliation of cost and financial accounts. State the reasons for the difference between the profits shown in the cost accounts and those shown in the financial accounts.          2012, 2013SN, 2016, 2017SN, 2018

Q. Practical Problems: Preparation of reconciliation statement together with profit and loss account and cost sheet. Follow examples of BASU AND DAS COST ACCOUNTING BOOK.    2012, 2015, 2017, 2019, 2022

Q. Draft a format of Reconciliation statement.

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