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Wednesday, February 13, 2019

Gauhati University Question Papers:Principles of Management (May-June’ 2012)

Gauhati University Question Papers
Principles of Management (May-June’ 2012)
Full Marks: 80
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Answer either in English or Assamese
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions
1. Choose the correct option from the following:                              1x10=10

a)      Who among the following is not regarded as a thinker of the classical school of management?
1)      F. W. Taylor.
2)      A. H. Maslow.
3)      Max Weber.
4)      Henri Foyal.
b)      Which one of the following is not a characteristic of new and dynamic organisation?
1)      Flexibility.
2)      Permanent Job.
3)      Skill focused manpower needs.
4)      Diverse workforce.
c)       Motivation is a stimulation of mind under the management functions of:
1)      Directing.
2)      Organising.
3)      Controlling.
4)      Co-ordinating.
d)      Which of the following is not considered to be a challenge for a manager?
1)      Workforce diversity.
2)      Worker’s performance.
3)      Motivating workers.
4)      Keeping relations with board members.
e)      Which one of the following is not a yardstick of measuring organisational performance?
1)      Industry ranking.
2)      Dividend declaration.
3)      Organisational effectiveness.
4)      Productivity.
f)       Which one of the following management control measure is best suited to achieve the goal of ‘Management by objectives’?
1)      Feed forward control.
2)      Concurrent control.
3)      Feedback control.
4)      Perspective control.
g)      Workers’ participation in management is best achieved with which of the following leadership style:
1)      Laissez – Fair type.
2)      Autocratic type.
3)      Democratic type.
4)      Contingency type.
h)      The principle of departmentalization is helpful from the point of view of:
1)      Product.
2)      Motivation.
3)      Compensation.
4)      Incentives.
i)        Which of the following work term is responsible for reduction of organisational workforce?
1)      Functional team.
2)      Self-managed term.
3)      Virtual term.
4)      Cross functional term.
j)        A plan of expected result expressed in numerical terms is known as:
1)      Project.
2)      Policy.
3)      Budget.
4)      Strategy.
2. Answer the following questions not exceeding 50 words each:                              2x5=10
a)      “Management is neither a pure science nor a pure art.” Comment.
b)      Explain the meaning of standing and single use plan.
c)       State the nature of project organisation.
d)      Write the main characteristics of Theory X.
e)      List out at least three areas where management control is considered necessary.
3. Answer any five of the following questions:                                   5x4=20
a)      Write at least five usefulness of studying management principles.
b)      Explain the principal of sound decision making.
c)       Explain the various types of financial incentives that can be offered to workers.
d)      State the ways how communication is important for effective management performance.
e)      State briefly the process of control in management.
f)       State the barriers to effective delegation.
4. Explain at least five merits and demerits of F. W. Taylor’s principle of scientific management.                                 10
Explain Michale Porter’s theory of competitive advantage. Also state the forces that dictate the rule of competition.   10
5. What are the various types of plans? Also state the characteristics of planning premise.                            10
What is meant by forecasting? Why is forecasting important? Explain the role of forecasting in planning.           10
6. Discuss the factors affecting organisational structure. Also state the various basis of departmentalization.        10
Distinguish between delegation and decentralisation. Why and decentralisation becomes necessary?                                10
7. Explain why leadership is important in motivation. Also state the various types of leadership in an organisation.      10
Explain Maslow’s need hierarchy theory. Discuss the role of non-financial incentives in motivating people of an organisation.                                                      10
8. State why management by objective is considered as an effective tool of self control in management control system. 10


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