Thursday, January 30, 2020


For BA/B.Com/BSC
Type of the Course: Ability Enhancement Compulsory Course (AECC)
Course Code: EVS CBCS
Total Marks: 100; Total Classes: 64; Total Credit: 2

Important note for this subject
1. Question Paper Patter: 50 Questions of 2 Marks each = 100 Marks
2. Duration of exam: 90 Mins
3. Pass Marks: 40
4. A candidate who fails in the Environmental Studies Course shall be entitled to two additional consecutive chances to clear the Course.
5. A candidate who does not pass in the Environmental Studies Course shall not be qualified for the relevant degree.

Detailed Syllabus
Unit 1: The Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies (Classes: 4; Marks: 5)
a)      Definition, scope and importance
b)      Need for public awareness.

Unit 2: Natural Resources: (Classes: 10; Marks: 20)

1. Renewable and non-renewable resources: Natural resources and associated problems.
a) Forest Resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation. Timber extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forests and tribal people.
b) Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams-benefits and problems.
c) Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies.
d) Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, and salinity.
e) Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources.
f) Lance resources: Land as a resources, land degradation, man-induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification.
2. Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources.
3. Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.

Unit 3: Ecosystems (Classes: 10; Marks: 17)
A.      Concept of an ecosystem.
B.      Structure and function of an ecosystem.
C.      Producers, consumers and decomposers.
D.      Energy flow in the ecosystem.
E.       Ecological succession.
F.       Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids.
G.     Introduction, types, characteristics features, structure and function of the following ecosystem:
a.       Forest ecosystem
b.      Grassland ecosystem
c.       Desert ecosystem
d.      Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries)

Unit 4: Biodiversity and its conservation (Classes: 10; Marks: 16)
a)      Introduction – Definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity.
b)      Biogeographically classification of India
c)       Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values
d)      Hot-spots of biodiversity – India.
e)      Threats to biodiversity: habits loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts.
f)       Endangered and endemic species.
g)      Conservation of biodiversity: in-situ Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity.

Unit 5: Environmental Pollution (Classes: 10; Marks: 17)
A. Definition, Causes, effects and control measures of:
a. Air pollution
b. Water pollution
c. Soil pollution
d. Noise pollution
e. Thermal pollution
f. Nuclear hazards
B. Solid waste Management: Causes, effects and control measures of urban and industrial wastes – biodegradable and non biodegradable wastes.
C. Role of an individual in prevention of pollution.
D. Disaster Management: Floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides.

Unit 6: Social Issues and the Environment (Classes: 10; Marks: 15)
A.      From Unsustainable to Sustainable development.
B.      Water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management.
C.      Resettlement and rehabilitation of people, its problems and concerns.
D.      Environmental ethics.
E.       Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, unclear accidents and holocaust.
F.       Wasteland reclamation.
G.     Consumerism and waste products.
H.      Environmental Legislation.
I.        Public awareness.

Some Important Reference Books:
1.       Borua P.K., J.N.Sarma and others, A Text book on Environmental Studies, Banlata, Dibrugarh
2.       Brunner R.C., 1989 Hazardous Waste Incineration, McGraw Hill Inc. 480p.
3.       Cunningham, W.P. Cooper, T.H. Gorhani, E & Hepworth, M.T. 2001, Environmental Encyclopedia, Jacio Publ. House, Mumbai, 1196p.
4.       Dutta Prasanna, Rofique Ahmed & Sumbit Chaliha, Environmental Studies., Eunika Publication, Jorhat
5.       Hawkins R.E., Encyclopedia of Indian Natural History, Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay (R).
6.       Heywood, V.H. & Watson, R.T. 1995. Global Biodiversity Assessment. Cambridge Univ. Press 1140p.
7.       Jadav, H & Bhosale, V.M. 1995. Environmental Protection and Laws. Himalaya Pub. House, Delhi 284p.
8.       Joshi P.C. and Namita Joshi, A Text book of Ecology and Environment, Himalaya Publishing
9.       Kaushik Anubha and C.P.Kaushik ,Perspective in Environmental Studies, New Age International
10.   Sharma B.K., 2001. Environmental Chemistry. Goel Publ. House, Meerut.

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